By the Editorial Board
Who is Chairman Mao Zedong? He is one of the greatest Communists of all time, the leader of two great revolutions, and the great theoretician who developed Marxism to its third and superior stage.
Chairman Mao Zedong was born on December 26 in 1893. It was Chairman Mao who led in two of the world’s three major milestones of the 20th Century, the Chinese Revolution of 1949, and the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, the most transcendent of all his many contributions. In understanding the contributions of Chairman Mao, it is essential to understand Maoism. The Communist Party of Peru (PCP) stated in “On Marxism-Leninism-Maoism”:
“Regarding the CONTEXT in which Chairman Mao Zedong developed and Maoism was forged, internationally on the basis of imperialism, world wars, international proletarian movement, national liberation movement, struggle between Marxism and revisionism and restoration of capitalism in the USSR, it is worth highlighting three great historical milestones in this century: first, the October Revolution, 1917, which opens the era of the world proletarian revolution; second, triumph of the Chinese revolution, 1949, changing the balance of forces in favor of socialism; and third, the great proletarian cultural revolution, begun in ’66, as a continuation of the revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat to maintain the course towards communism. Suffice it to note that Chairman Mao directed two of these glorious historical events.”
Giving a brief biography of Chairman Mao, the PCP points out, “we can say that, born on December 26, 1893, he opened his eyes to a world agitated by the flames of war; son of peasants, he was seven years old when the ‘War of the boxers’ [took place]; he was a student for teaching when he was eighteen when the empire collapsed, he enlisted as a soldier to later be a great organizer of peasants and youth, in his native Hunan. Founder of the Communist Party and the Red Army of workers and peasants; he established the path of encircling the cities from the countryside, developed the people’s war and with it the military theory of the proletariat; theorist of New Democracy he founded the People’s Republic; manager of the Great Leap Forward and promoter of the development of socialism; guide to the struggle against contemporary revisionism of Khrushchev and his henchmen, head and command of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution. These are milestones that mark a life entirely and fully dedicated to the revolution. The proletariat has three gigantic triumphs in this century; two correspond to Chairman Mao and if one is glory enough, two are more.”
How did Chairman Mao develop Marxism? By developing each of its three component parts.
His intervention into Marxist philosophy developed dialectical materialism by proving that contradiction is the only fundamental law of the incessant transformation of all eternal matter.
In Marxist political economy, Chairman Mao made the most major breakthroughs in developing the political economy of socialism, proving that the question between restoration and counter-restoration is not resolved, proving that consciousness, the superstructure, can modify the base, insisting on the need to keep politics in command.
In scientific socialism, it was Chairman Mao who imposed the law of revolutionary violence as universal without any exceptions. He established the path for semi-feudal and semi-colonial countries of surrounding the city from the countryside. He exposed that the antagonistic struggle between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat—between the capitalist and socialist roads—continues under socialism, providing the basis for his most transcendent contribution, the continuation of socialist revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat on to Communism—cultural revolutions.
With the elevation and development of these three parts, Chairman Mao developed Marxism-Leninism into Marxism-Leninism-Maoism, a third and superior stage, all powerful because it is true.
It was none other than Chairman Mao who solved the question of making revolution in the Third World with the theory of new democratic revolution, where the peasantry forms the base force and the proletariat the leading force. New democratic revolution is the necessary process for countries oppressed by imperialism, and follows the path of immediately developing the socialist revolution.
Regarding the Party, Chairman Mao proved that the motor force of Party development is two-line struggle, which is class struggle between bourgeois and proletarian ideology existing within the Party itself, making the role of ideology the most important in Party life.
The Maoist theory of the revolutionary Army is also a significant development. Chairman Mao taught that the Army has three indispensable tasks: fighting (the most important task), producing (so as not to become parasitic on the masses), and mobilizing the masses (all combatants are also propagandists). Neglecting any of these tasks spells the ruination of revolutionary forces. Importantly, it is the Communist Party that commands its Army, and it is people who are more important than weapons. The fighters are educated politically to grasp the ideology of the Party and the proletariat.
Mao teaches that the Army and the people rely upon one another, that the combatants of the Army must integrate with the masses, and that the people have nothing without their Army among them. Under Chairman Mao’s leadership the People’s Liberation Army led the arming of the masses through the People’s Militia, taking a gradual step following Marx and Lenin toward the sea of armed masses.
Chairman Mao, through his masterful application of Marxism-Leninism to China, developed the United Front, a front for the conquest of Power led by the Communist Party, completing the theory comprehensibly for the first time.
The Chairman developed the sole military strategy of the proletariat: People’s War, a fluid war in three stages in which guerrilla fighting takes on a strategic character and can overcome a superior military force through protracted fighting. In its application in China the war for national liberation went on for over 20 years until the final cities were surrounded and total, countrywide Power was achieved in 1949.
The GPCR solves the question of defeating capitalist restoration by continuing the socialist revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat. The GPCR was the greatest political mobilization of the masses in the history of the planet. It had a three-fold purpose: consolidate the dictatorship of the proletariat, prevent capitalist restoration, and build socialism. Contrary to the views of reactionaries, capitalist restoration in China after the death of Chairman Mao does not disprove his theory; it actually proves that it is completely necessary and universal. The absolute height of the GPCR, its highest summit, was the development of the Revolutionary Committees as the means to administer the new society with three important forces: Communist, military, and masses.
Chairman Mao was a tireless internationalist. Under his leadership, revolutionary China became the center of the world proletarian revolution, and it was the Chairman and no other who exposed imperialism’s ultimate decline and pending defeat. Understanding that imperialism is a giant with clay feet, Mao expressed that the world was entering the stage in which it would be swept forever from the face of the earth. He proved that the world at this time was met by two great imperialist forces: the US imperialists and the Soviet social-imperialists. Following this, all revolutions must determine their principal enemy and fight it, while safeguarding against co-option from secondary imperialist powers and superpowers. Chairman Mao proved that in the global class struggle three worlds are delineated.
What is fundamental in Maoism?
Power is fundamental in Maoism, that is, the conquest and defense of political Power by the proletariat. The PCP expresses that this means
: “Power for the proletariat, Power for the dictatorship of the proletariat, Power based on an armed force led by the Communist Party. More explicitly: 1) Power under the leadership of the proletariat, in the democratic revolution; 2) Power for the dictatorship of the proletariat, in the socialist and cultural revolutions; 3) Power based on an armed force led by the Communist Party, conquered and defended through the People’s War.”
The struggle to impose Maoism as the sole command and guide of the world proletarian revolution was initiated by the PCP in 1982 and has made great strides today. Marxism-Leninism-Maoism, principally Maoism, with the contributions of universal validity of Chairman Gonzalo is increasing as the basis of unity for the majority of genuine Communist parties and organizations around the world. The two-line struggles around Maoism continue. As the PCP points out, some refuse to unite, and others stay committed only to Mao Zedong Thought and will not apply the “ism,” thus denying the universality of the Chairman’s contributions. Today, there is also a conservative and perverted brand of those who practice revisionism and claim to follow MLM. These exist both in the US and abroad and must be defeated through ideological struggle.
Maoism is the ideology of the proletariat, all powerful because it is true. Within it is the most powerful doctrine based on the teachings of the great teachers, Marx, Engels, Lenin, Stalin, Mao, and Gonzalo. Among these, three stand above: Marx the founder, the great Lenin, and Chairman Mao, from whom the ideology gains its name. Among these three, it is mainly Chairman Mao who concentrates the teachings and brings them into the modern day.
Maoism contains immutable principles which are universal to all countries:
Contradiction, the only fundamental law of the incessant transformation of eternal matter;
The masses make history and “It is right to rebel”;
Class struggle, dictatorship of the proletariat, and proletarian internationalism;
The need for the Marxist-Leninist-Maoist Communist Party to firmly apply independence, self-determination, and self-support;
Fight imperialism, revisionism, and reaction inseparably and implacably;
Conquer and defend Power with the People’s War;
Militarization of the Party and concentric construction of the three instruments of the revolution;
Two-line struggle as a driving force for Party development;
Constant ideological transformation and always putting politics in command;
Serve the people and the world proletarian revolution; and
A correct style of work with absolute lack of self-interest.